Agent Orange



   MIKE COLIGURE  - 412-613-1810


AGENT ORANGE - Important Announcements


At our April meeting, Mike announced that they are looking into adding the

following presumptives

Bladder Cancer


Parkinson Like Symptoms




We update our meetings regularly on the Town Hall Meeting Calendar:

Click Here for the latest Agent Orange "Flash Updates"



                                                                                                                                                                           Please "Scroll to the Bottom" for the List of Illnesses

 connected to Agent Orange & Birth Defect's



Click on a question to be taken to the answer

What was Agent Orange?

Why did the military use herbicides?

Prior to it's introduction for use in Vietnam, was Agent Orange used in the United States?

Why was the product called Agent Orange?

Who were the manufacturers who produced Agent Orange for the military?

I want (or I had) an "Agent Orange Test" -- What is this?

Can I sue the government or the chemical companies?


What was Agent Orange?

Agent Orange was a herbicide developed for military use. Chemically, the product

was a 50/50 mix of two herbicides, 2,4,-D (2,4, dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) and

2,4,5-T (2,4,5 trichlorophenoxyacetic acid). These herbicides were both developed

as weed killers in the 1940's, and were effective against broad leaf plants and

several crops.




Why did the military use herbicides?

Herbicides were developed to be deployed in enemy areas to deny cover and

concealment to the enemy. In dense terrain particularly, the use of herbicides to

destroy covering vegetation was to protect American and allied troops from

ambush or other undetected movement of the enemy.


Prior to it's introduction for use in Vietnam, was Agent

Orange used in the United States?

Yes. During the testing phase of Agent Orange, use tests were carried out at Fort

Detrick, Maryland, Eglin Air Force Base in Florida, and Camp Drum in New York.


Why was the product called Agent Orange?

The name signifies orange identifying bands that were used on the fifty-five gallon

drums the product was shipped in. Other herbicides were also used in Vietnam,

and were known by color coded names too, such Agent White, Agent Blue, Agent

Purple, Agent Pink and Agent Green were also used.


Who were the manufacturers who produced Agent Orange for the military?

Dow, Monsanto, Diamond Shamrock Corporation, Hercules Inc., Uniroyal Inc., T-H

Agricultural & Nutrition Company, and Thompson Chemicals Corporation. These

companies were subjects of a class action lawsuit filed originally in 1979 and settled

out of court in 1987 for $180 million. The official name of the lawsuit was


I want (or I had) an "Agent Orange Test"-- What is this?

There is no such thing as an Agent Orange Test. This is often confused with two




1. The Agent Orange screening physical given at VA Medical Centers: This test is

nothing more that a general physical which includes examination, X-rays and blood

work. It does not detect Agent Orange exposure. This physical is useful only as any

routine physical is useful in early detection of disease or health problems. The VA

does keep these results in a registry.



2. Dioxin analysis of the blood or fatty tissue: There are sophisticated tests, which

will measure dioxin levels in both blood and fatty tissues. (Dioxin is the unwanted

byproduct in Agent Orange). These tests are research-oriented only, and have never

been available on a large-scale or clinical basis. The VA does not perform these

tests. Only a few laboratories in the world are able to do this testing, and it is

usually quite expensive, around $1500-$2000 per test.


Can I sue the government or the chemical companies?

No. Title 38 of the United States Code prohibits veterans from suing the

government for injuries suffered while in the military. A class action suit was filed in

behalf of veterans in 1979 against the chemical companies and settled out of court.

The final funds in this legal action were distributed by 1992. Additional attempts to

sue the manufacturers have been attempted, and have been prohibited by the

courts. The most strongly fought of these legal battles, Ivy vs. Diamond Shamrock

was supported in behalf of the plaintiff by attorney generals in all fifty states, the

Supreme Court, however, refused to hear the arguments and that case ended in

1992. In the parlance of the court, the issue is "res judicata" or "the matter is



Click Here for the latest Agent Orange "Flash Updates"


Click Here for C-123 Information  - the Aircraft that "Sprayed it"

Please Note, It was called a Defoliant up to 1984. After that it was called what it's called now "Agent Orange"



We would encourage any veteran with in-country Vietnam service and diagnosed diabetes mellitus to contact his or her local VA office for information and assistance on applying for benefits. (Or you may apply on-line)

Veterans' Diseases Related to "Agent Orange" Exposure

Veterans may be eligible for disability compensation and health care benefits for diseases that VA has recognized as related to exposure to Agent Orange or other herbicides.  Surviving spouses, dependent children and dependent parents of Veterans who were exposed to Agent Orange and died as the result of diseases related to Agent Orange exposure may be eligible for survivors' benefits.

Acute and Subacute Peripheral Neuropathy A nervous system condition that causes numbness, tingling, and motor weakness. Under VA's rating regulations, it must be at least 10% disabling within 1 year of exposure to herbicides and resolve within 2 years after the date it began.

AL Amyloidosis A rare disease caused when an abnormal protein, amyloid, enters tissues or organs.

Chloracne (or Similar Acneform Disease) A skin condition that occurs soon after exposure to chemicals and looks like common forms of acne seen in teenagers. Under VA's rating regulations, chloracne (or other acneform disease similar to chloracne) must be at least 10% disabling within 1 year of exposure to herbicides.

Chronic B-cell Leukemias A type of cancer which affects white blood cells. This also includes Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Diabetes Mellitus (Type 2) A disease characterized by high blood sugar levels resulting from the body’s inability to respond properly to the hormone insulin.

Hodgkin’s Disease A malignant lymphoma (cancer) characterized by progressive enlargement of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen, and by progressive anemia.

Ischemic Heart Disease A disease characterized by a reduced supply of blood to the heart, that leads to chest pain.

Multiple Myeloma A cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell in bone marrow.

Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma A group of cancers that affect the lymph glands and other lymphatic tissue.

Parkinson’s Disease A progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects muscle movement.

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda A disorder characterized by liver dysfunction and by thinning and blistering of the skin in sun-exposed areas. Under VA's rating regulations, it must be at least 10% disabling within 1 year of exposure to herbicides.

Prostate Cancer Cancer of the prostate; one of the most common cancers among men.

Respiratory Cancers Cancers of the lung, larynx, trachea, and bronchus.

Soft Tissue Sarcoma (other than Osteosarcoma, Chondrosarcoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, or Mesothelioma)

A group of different types of cancers in body tissues such as muscle, fat, blood and lymph vessels, and connective tissues.

These may be viewed on the Web at


Birth Defects Covered by VA

Birth defects are abnormalities present at birth that result in mental or physical disabilities. VA recognizes a wide range of birth defects as associated with women Veterans' service in Vietnam. These diseases are not tied to herbicides, including Agent Orange, or dioxin exposure, but rather to the birth mother's service in Vietnam.

Covered birth defects include, but are not limited to, the following conditions:


Cleft lip and cleft palate

Congenital heart disease

Congenital talipes equinovarus (clubfoot)

Esophageal and intestinal atresia

Hallerman-Streiff syndrome

Hip dysplasia

Hirschprung's disease (congenital megacolon)

Hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis


Imperforate anus

Neural tube defects

Poland syndrome

Pyloric stenosis

Syndactyly (fused digits)

Tracheoesophageal fistula

Undescended testicle

Williams syndrome

Please Note: Conditions due to family disorders, birth-related injuries, or fetal or neonatal infirmities with well-established causes are not covered. If any of the birth defects listed above are determined to be a family disorder in a particular family, they are not covered birth defects.


A "Touch of History"


Was held on  November 5th, 2011


TIME: 3:00 PM TILL 6:00 PM

We understand out of 13 other Agent Orange Town Hall Meeting across the USA, Our Town Hall had the most in attendance.

Story below:

Kudos to the members of VVA/AVVA Chapter 862, to organizers Bobby and Phil Morris, and to all who worked so hard to make this event a success!

VVA National VP Fred Elliott; PASC President Larry Holman; AVVA President Nancy Switzer ; and PA AVVA President Nancy Rekowski were joined by over one hundred veterans and family members--many of them new to VVA.

They came from Pennsylvania , from West Virginia , and from Ohio to listen to the panelists and to share their own Agent Orange stories. PASC Treasurer David Johnston traveled the distance from Harrisburg to be there.

Panelists included Bobbie Morris; AVVA National President Nancy Switzer ; Peter and Sue Petrosky; Heather Bowser; George Claxton, and VVA BOD Member Sandie Wilson. Larry Googins, 2nd VP of PASC and VVA 862 Treasurer, and was the Master of Ceremonies;

Chapter 862 VP Pete Petrosky led the presentation of the colors; and Lee Corfield, PASC Secretary and VVA 862 Secretary (also in the Color Guard) led with the singing of the National Anthem.

Jacki Ochs, filmmaker/director of the soon-to-be rereleased, award-winning documentary, Vietnam: The Secret Agent, has recently posted to YouTube the below short, which she filmed at the town hall held at the VVA Region 2 Meeting in Atlantic City—


VVA 862’s Petrosky’s, as well as the Morris’s, are featured in this piece  - and the PSA directs viewers to the VVA Agent Orange Committee page at